Vehicle Inspection in New York State

A safety and emissions inspection is required by law for anyone who owns and drives a vehicle registered in New York State. The dealer is responsible for the inspection when you buy a new vehicle in New York State. Before the vehicle is delivered, the auto inspection must be completed within 30 days of the sale date. If you register a vehicle in New York, you have ten days to have it inspected. A DMV-certified inspector performs both the safety and emissions inspections at the same time in the facility of your choice.

Importance of Car Inspection Laws

The New York Department of Motor Vehicles has made it mandatory to get a safety inspection every 12 months if you operate a motor vehicle in the state. This is required to ensure safety and reduce emissions as much as possible. When a vehicle passes a thorough inspection, the owner is given a sticker that must be displayed prominently on the vehicle. Operators of motor vehicles registered in New York who do not have an up-to-date inspection may face state fines, parking tickets if there is no sticker on the vehicle or registration renewal denial. The risk of car accidents is reduced when safe vehicles are on the road. Vehicles that are unsafe or defective increase the risk of accidents and injuries to themselves and other drivers. If an accident occurs due to a driver's unsafe vehicle, the driver may be held liable. An accident victim may be entitled to compensation for damages caused by an unsafe motor vehicle accident, such as:
  • Medical bills and expenses
  • Physical pain and suffering
  • Loss of income and expenses
  • Permanent impairments and disabilities
  • Emotional distress and mental anguish
  • Decreases in quality of life
  • Loss of enjoyment of life

Cost of Inspection

The vehicle's class and size determine the cost of a New York state safety inspection. The vehicle's weight determines the safety inspection cost for a light vehicle. If you need an inspection for your trailer, heavy vehicle, or motorcycle, prices vary. If you're looking for prices, contact your local registered auto repair shop and tell them you're looking for information on New York state auto inspection fees.

Vehicle Safety Inspection

A licensed auto-inspection company will perform standard checks to ensure that the safety inspection's visibility and brake mechanisms are in good working order. As a result, headlights, horns, mirrors, turn signals, and windshield wipers and checks to ensure that any window tinting is within the permitted range will be examined. Checking brake pads, emergency brakes, tire treads, steering, and shocks ensures that a car can stop when expected. The systems and functions that will be inspected on and in your vehicle are listed below:

Inspection Sticker

You may use clear tape or a clear adhesive if your inspection sticker does not adhere properly to the windshield. Please be aware that when you return the following year, the inspection facility must be able to remove the inspection sticker.

Seat Belts

The function and anchorage of your seat belts will be checked. There must be one seat belt for each seat in your vehicle, with no missing seat belts. This depends on the vehicle's year, model 1967 to the present. Each seat in your vehicle must have one seat belt. - Two front seat belts are required for model years 1965-1966.

Air Bag Warning Lamp

You will be notified if it is discovered to be not working properly.


Your horn will be examined to ensure proper mounting and operation.


Cracks and discoloration in your mirrors will be examined. For optimal performance, they must be properly mounted and secured. Any vehicle with a rearview mirror obstructing vision must have a left and right side mirror.


To inspect your brakes, at least one tire must be removed. All components of your braking system will be examined for condition and operation. The inspector will also look for any cracks or leaks.


Your vehicle's lighting system must be in working order. Your lights will be examined for type, missing lenses, proper mounting, and function.


Your vehicle's windshield and other glass must be properly installed and in good working order. Your wipers and blades must also be in good working order.


Your tires must have a 2/32 inch groove space on the most worn part of the tire. They'll also be checked for knots, bulges, and anything else on the tire that could prevent it from being used.

Steering, Chassis, Suspension, Front End

Your vehicle's entire front-end assembly will be inspected. The steering wheel, as well as all steering linkages and power steering, will be examined. Any broken or sagging parts in your shock absorbers, springs, and torsion bars will be checked. The chassis and wheel fasteners will be examined for any breaks, cracks, or rust if any exists.

Vehicle Emission Inspection

Most gasoline-powered vehicles built after 1996 will be subject to an On-Board Diagnostic Generation II (OBDII) inspection. The "check engine" light, also known as the Malfunction Indicator Lamp, will be examined in this test to ensure that it is functioning properly. The emissions inspection will also look at catalytic converters, exhaust gas recirculation valves, positive crankcase ventilation systems, air injection systems, evaporative emissions controls, fuel inlet restrictors, and thermostatic air cleaners if they were included in the car's original manufacturer. Keep an eye out for your "check engine" light and have your vehicle looked at as soon as it appears if you want to help your vehicle pass its annual OBDII test. If you properly maintain your vehicle, it will emit fewer carbon emissions and be better for the environment.

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Vehicle Inspection Extension Period